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OSHA Issues Final Rule to Protect Workers from Exposure to Respirable Crystalline Silica

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When inhaled, crystalline silica is deadly. Inhaled crystalline silica is responsible for lung cancer, silicosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and kidney disease. OSHA estimates that the rule will save over 600 lives and prevent more than 900 new cases of silicosis each year.

The rule is made up of two standards: one for Construction and one for General Industry and Maritime.

OSHA estimates that the rule will save over 600 lives and prevent more than 900 new cases of silicosis each year, once its effects are fully realized. The Final Rule is projected to provide net benefits of about $7.7 billion, annually.

While responsible employers have been protecting workers from harmful exposure to respirable crystalline silica for some time, OSHA is stepping in because many employers don’t provide protection.

Key Provisions:

  • Reduces the permissible exposure limit (PEL) for respirable crystalline silica to 50 micrograms per cubic meter of air, averaged over an 8-hour shift.
  • Requires employers to: use engineering controls (such as water or ventilation) to limit worker exposure to the PEL; provide respirators when engineering controls cannot adequately limit exposure; limit worker access to high exposure areas; develop a written exposure control plan, offer medical exams to highly exposed workers, and train workers on silica risks and how to limit exposures.
  • Provides medical exams to monitor highly exposed workers and gives them information about their lung health.
  • Provides flexibility to help employers — especially small businesses — protect workers from silica exposure.

Compliance Schedule:

Both standards contained in the final rule take effect on June 23, 2016, after which industries have one to five years to comply with most requirements, based on the following schedule:

Construction – June 23, 2017, one year after the effective date.

General Industry and Maritime – June 23, 2018, two years after the effective date.

Hydraulic Fracturing – June 23, 2018, two years after the effective date for all provisions except Engineering Controls, which have a compliance date of June 23, 2021.

For more details, check out the FAQs on OSHA’s website, or give me a call at 864.905.7835.

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